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Two new papers are published online

Seiter M., Koç, H., Ullrich A. & E. A. Yağmur (2016) The case history of a toxic sting of a Leiurus abdullahbayrami scorpion in Turkey. Arachnologische Mitteilungen, 51: 64–66.

Available online here

Freudenschuss M. & M. Seiter (2016) Four new species of jumping spiders from the Philippines, with description of the male of Phintella piatensis Bariion et Litsinger, 1995 (Araneae, Salticidae). Arthropoda Selecta, 25(1):85–97.

Available online here

Tityus spp.


Tityus uruguayensis adult female

Tityus uruguayensis adult female

Tityus zulianus adult male


Tityus zulianus adult female

Tityus trinitatis adult female

Tityus trinitatis adult female

Tityus serrulatus adult female

Tityus crassimanus adult female

Tityus aff. bastosi Colombia adult females

Tityus aff. bastosi Colombia adult female

Tityus forcipula adult female


Tityus smithii adult female with 1st instar offspring

Tityus bahiensis adult female

Tityus cf. asthenes adult female

Tityus confluens various females


Phrynidae spp. pictures

Phrynus longipes female DomRep

Phrynus exsul female Flores

Phrynus damonidaensis female Cuba

Phrynus eucharis female DomRep

Phrynus aff.barbadensis male Aruba

Phrynus damonidaensis male Cuba

Phrynus aff.barbadensis female Aruba

Paraphrynus sp. juvenile Mexico

Paraphrynus viridiceps male Cuba

Paraphrynus robustus male Cuba

Paraphrynus robustus juvenile Cuba

Paraphrynus sp.nov. male Mexico

Paraphrynus cubensis male Cuba

Paraphrynus carolynae male USA

Paraphrynus aztecus male Mexico

Paraphrynus cubensis female Cuba


Phrynichidae pictures

Phrynichus orientalis male Thailand

Phrynichus orientalis female Thailand

Phrynichus sp. male Oman

Phrynichus ceylonicus female Sri Lanka

Damon annulatipes subadult South Africa

Damon medius male Gambia

Damon medius female Gambia


Damon aff.medius female Togo


Acanthophrynus coronatus female Mexico

Euphrynichus bacillifer male Kenya


New publication: Functional anatomy of the pretarsus in whip spiders

NEW article available today…

Wolff J., Seiter M. & S. Gorb (2015) Functional anatomy of the pretarsus in whip spiders (Arachnida, Amblypygi). Arthropod Structure & Development, .


Whip spiders (Amblypygi) are a small, cryptic order of arachnids mainly distributed in the tropics. Some basal lineages (families Charinidae and Charontidae) have large adhesive pads on the tips of their six walking legs. The present study describes the macro- and ultrastructure of these pads and investigates their contact mechanics and adhesive strength on smooth and rough substrates. Furthermore, the structure of the pretarsus and its kinematics are compared in Charon cf. grayi (with an adhesive pad) and Phrynus longipes (without an adhesive pad). The adhesive pad exhibits an elaborate structure with a unique combination of structural features of smooth and hairy foot pads including a long transversal contact zone performing lateral detachment, a thick internally-branched cuticle with longitudinal ribs and hexagonal surface microstructures with spatulate keels. The contact area of the pad on smooth glass is discontinuous due to the spatulate microstructures with a discontinuous detachment, which could be observed in vivo by high speed videography at a rate of up to 10000 fps. Adhesive strength was measured with vertical whole animal pull-off tests, obtaining mean values between 55 and 200 kPa. The occurrence of viscous lipid secretions between microstructures was occasionally observed, which, however, seems not to be a necessity for a good foothold. The results are discussed in relation to the whip spider’s ecology and evolution. Structure-function relationships of the adhesive pads are compared to those of insects and vertebrates.

Arthropod Structure & Development

Various whip spider pictures

Phrynus whitei female Guatemala

Phrynus hispaniolae male Cuba

Phrynus marginemaculatus male Cuba

Phrynus marginemaculatus female Cuba

Phrynus parvulus female Belize

Phrynus pinarensis female Cuba

Phrynus goesii female St.Maartin

Phrynus exsul male Indonesia

Phrynus decoratus female Cuba